Unveiling the Brilliance of 304 Stainless Steel Sheet #4 Brushed Finish

05 Jun, 2024

In the realm of stainless steel, the 304 grade with a #4 brushed finish stands out as a versatile and sought-after choice for architects, designers, and manufacturers alike. This exceptional combination of material and surface treatment offers an unparalleled blend of corrosion resistance, durability, and visual appeal, making it a go-to option across various industries.

Understanding 304 Stainless Steel

304 stainless steel is an austenitic chromium-nickel alloy containing approximately 18% chromium and 8% nickel. This composition imparts excellent corrosion resistance and formability, making it one of the most widely used stainless steel grades worldwide. Its versatility and durability make it suitable for applications ranging from food processing and chemical processing to construction and architectural projects.

The #4 Brushed Finish: A Perfect Harmony of Function and Aesthetics

The #4 brushed finish is a popular surface treatment applied to stainless steel sheets, imparting a distinctive linear grain pattern. This finish is achieved through a mechanical process called brushing, where the surface of the metal is abraded with fine-grit abrasives, creating a uniform, directional texture.

The brushed finish offers several advantages:

1. Enhanced Aesthetics

The linear grain pattern created by the brushing process adds a subtle yet visually appealing texture to the stainless steel surface. This finish is often preferred for its modern and sleek appearance, making it a popular choice for architectural and interior design applications, such as wall cladding, elevator interiors, and decorative panels.

2. Improved Durability

The brushing process not only enhances the visual appeal of the stainless steel but also increases its surface hardness. This added hardness makes the material more resistant to scratches, abrasions, and wear, ensuring a longer-lasting finish compared to polished or mirror-finished surfaces.

3. Easy Maintenance

One of the key advantages of the #4 brushed finish is its ease of maintenance. The directional grain pattern helps to camouflage minor scratches and blemishes, reducing the need for frequent polishing or refinishing. This makes it an ideal choice for high-traffic areas or applications where regular maintenance is challenging.

Applications of 304 Stainless Steel Sheet #4 Brushed Finish

The versatility of 304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish makes it suitable for a wide range of applications across various industries:

1. Architectural and Interior Design

The combination of durability, corrosion resistance, and aesthetic appeal makes 304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish a popular choice for architectural and interior design projects. It is commonly used for wall cladding, elevator interiors, decorative panels, handrails, and other decorative elements.

2. Food and Beverage Industry

The food and beverage industry has stringent hygiene and sanitation requirements, making 304 stainless steel an ideal material choice. The #4 brushed finish not only enhances the visual appeal of equipment and surfaces but also facilitates easy cleaning and maintenance, ensuring a safe and hygienic environment.

3. Healthcare and Medical Facilities

Similar to the food and beverage industry, healthcare and medical facilities demand materials that are easy to clean and maintain. The corrosion resistance and low-maintenance properties of 304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish make it a popular choice for medical equipment, surgical tables, and other healthcare-related applications.

4. Transportation and Automotive

The durability and aesthetic appeal of 304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish have made it a popular choice in the transportation and automotive industries. It is commonly used for interior trim, exterior accents, and other decorative elements in vehicles, trains, and aircraft.

Manufacturing Process and Quality Control

The manufacturing process of 304 stainless steel sheets with a #4 brushed finish involves several critical steps to ensure consistent quality and adherence to industry standards:

1. Melting and Casting

The process begins with melting the raw materials, including chromium, nickel, and other alloying elements, in an electric arc furnace. The molten metal is then cast into semi-finished forms, such as slabs or billets, for further processing.

2. Hot Rolling and Cold Rolling

The semi-finished forms undergo hot rolling and cold rolling processes to achieve the desired thickness and dimensions of the stainless steel sheets. These rolling processes also improve the mechanical properties and surface quality of the material.

3. Annealing and Descaling

After rolling, the stainless steel sheets undergo annealing, a heat treatment process that relieves internal stresses and improves ductility. Descaling is then performed to remove any surface scale or oxide layer formed during the annealing process.

4. Brushing and Finishing

The brushing process is carried out using specialized equipment and abrasives to create the distinctive #4 linear grain pattern on the surface of the stainless steel sheets. This step is followed by final finishing operations, such as trimming and inspection, to ensure the sheets meet the required specifications.

5. Quality Control and Testing

Throughout the manufacturing process, stringent quality control measures are implemented to ensure the final product meets the highest standards. This includes testing for mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and surface quality, as well as adherence to international standards such as ASTM A240 and EN 10088.

Sustainability and Eco-Friendliness

In addition to its durability and aesthetic appeal, 304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish is also an eco-friendly choice. Stainless steel is highly recyclable, with a recycling rate of over 80% in many regions. This not only reduces the environmental impact of manufacturing but also contributes to a circular economy and sustainable practices.

Furthermore, the corrosion resistance and long service life of 304 stainless steel minimize the need for frequent replacements, further reducing the overall environmental footprint of the material.

Maintenance and Care

While 304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish is known for its low-maintenance properties, proper care and cleaning are essential to maintain its appearance and longevity:

1. Regular Cleaning

Regular cleaning with mild detergents and soft cloths or brushes is recommended to remove dirt, grime, and surface contaminants. Avoid using abrasive cleaners or harsh chemicals, as they can damage the brushed finish.

2. Stain Removal

For stubborn stains or discoloration, a mild abrasive cleaner or a stainless steel polish can be used. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions and test on a small, inconspicuous area first.

3. Protecting the Finish

To protect the brushed finish from scratches and abrasions, it is recommended to use protective coverings or coatings in high-traffic areas or during installation and construction phases.


304 stainless steel with a #4 brushed finish is a versatile and practical choice for a wide range of applications. Its combination of corrosion resistance, durability, and aesthetic appeal, coupled with its eco-friendly and low-maintenance properties, make it a popular choice among architects, designers, and manufacturers. By adhering to stringent quality control measures and following proper maintenance guidelines, this material can provide long-lasting performance and visual appeal for years to come.

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